Militant Islamists are not a new phenomenon in Bosnia, where thousands of mujahedin fighters from countries like Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Jordan flocked to fight alongside the Bosnian Muslims against Serbs in the 1990s.
Many of them had close ties to the terrorist network al-Qaeda and combat experience in Afghanistan and Chechnya, and they remained when the war was over.
The Wall Street Journal revealed right after the terrorist attacks against the United States on 11 September 2001 how key al-Qaeda leaders had been frequent guests in Bosnia.
Osama bin Laden got Bosnian passport in 1992 and visited the country several times.Bin Laden's right hand, the Egyptian Ayman al-Zawahri was even more often there.
- The key to understanding how al-Qaeda has been able to build up terror cells in Europe, located in the Bosnian war in the 1990s, says Evan F. Kohlmann in the book "al-Qaida's Jihad in Europe: The Afghan-Bosnian Network."
Today awakens a new generation of jihadists concern in Bosnia, where the black flag of the extremist Islamist group IS now waving in the more remote villages where residents live under strict Islamic Sharia law.
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Several villages in the area around Velika Kladusa, scarce ten mil from the EU external border and the Croatian beaches as soon filled with sunbathers tourists, writes the German magazine Der Spiegel .
International Crisis Group (ICG) warned all in 2013 against the development and stated that Islamic militants danced "a dangerous tango" in Bosnia.
German intelligence believes that IS-trailers and other Salafists have more than ten "bases" in what is referred to as Sharia villages in Bosnia.
The Bosnian security service says that about 60 villages are in the spotlight because they are habitats for militant Islamists or because it is seen responded IS flag there.
European media that Deutsche Wirtschaft Nachrichten have previously discussed the radical Islamists' habitats in Bosnia, and The Sunday Mirror visited last summer Osve where several famous IS-supporters have purchased properties.
Local residents in the area said that it is often heard shooting from the isolated estates, which allegedly used as training camps for IS-recruits.
- A large number of people have benefited and continue to benefit from this village to Syria, says terrorism expert Dzevad Galijasevic to the British newspaper.
preachers of hate
Bosnian counterterrorism police stormed last year also village Gornja MAOC after it was hoisted black flags IS there, and such options are recorded in villages Bosanska Bojná.
Also village Gracanica is in the spotlight, as is Donja Slapnica where the four wives and 18 children of preachers of hate Husein Bosnic live.
Also read: Radical Islamist Enclave Growing In South-East Europe
Bosnic is considered a major figure in the radical Islamist environment in Europe and shelves suicide bombers. In November he was found guilty of having recruits fighters for IS and sentenced to seven years in prison.
Europol also look with great concern at militant Islamist environment in the Balkans and confirmed earlier this year that IS has established training camps there, without mentioning Bosnia by name.
According to Europol learned IS recruits into different killing techniques in these camps, including decapitation.
- Bosnia has become a safe haven for radical Islamists, says Balkan expert John Schindler, who previously worked for the US intelligence agency NSA, to Der Spiegel.